Monday, May 25, 2020

Comparing Pluralist and Ruling Elite Accounts of Political...

Comparing Pluralist and Ruling Elite Accounts of Political Power in the U.K. and U.S. Whilst there are not any absolutely accurate interpretations of political power and political system, there are different controversial theories about those, among which, pluralist and ruling elite are the two fundamentally outstanding theories that both have echoing practical influences in the modern world of politics nowadays. In this essay, I shall try to attempt to briefly explain the two theories, going further on from this, to mainly compare and contrast these theories, especially taking into account the political power in the UK and US where modern democratic societies are claimed to exist and government is†¦show more content†¦Contrasting with pluralism, the theory of ruling elite suggests that government can and should be controlled by a small elite, as mobilising and communicating within a small group is far simplier and easier than that of the mass body. It can be seen as a minority which governs in its own interest and is unaccountable to the majority. It is d efined by the possession of three characteristics: consciousness, coherence and conspiracy. Consciousness refers to the awareness of common interests, coherence means that it shares a common interest and conspiracy describes the capacity to act collectively. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato (427 – 347 BC.) argued that an intelligent elite, whom he styled ’Philosoher-Kings’, should government. In addition, the elitists shared a common sceptical view that democratic government is impossible and might be undesirable. They do not believe many interests are represented as political institutions rarely serve their formally stated purposes and instead represent whom they wish. Today there are pluralist influences as well as pluralist essences in both the US and UK politics. They both have social pluralism, according to sheer sizes of their citizens with different interests, ethnics or religions; this also prevents everyone from taking part in the government and instead,Show MoreRelatedOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagesthe book is accessible, well researched and readers are encouraged to view chapters as a starting point for getting to grips with the field of organization theory. Dr Martin Brigham, Lancaster University, UK McAuley et al. provide a highly readable account of ideas, perspectives and practices of organization. By thoroughly explaining, analyzing and exploring organization theory the book increases the understanding of a field that in recent years has become ever more fragmented. Organization theory isRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 Pagesalso reflective of a wider tradition of significant involvement in the practical sphere by senior British accounting academics. For we must remember that it was Professor Edward Stamp who was one of the first to call the British audit profession to account with his questioning of ‘who shall audit the auditors?’ The subsequent institutional response has most likely gained as much from the likes of Professors Harold Edey, Bryan Carsberg, Ken Peasnell, Geoffrey Whittington, and  ´ David Tweedie as it has

Monday, May 18, 2020

My Personality Revealed And Defined By Pearson Education...

This paper explored facets of my personality revealed and defined by Pearson Education, as well as insights gained from our textbook, Type Talk at Work and The Gospel and Personal Reflections. With the results from the assessment test I will relate the different personality categories to how I operate in the organization, how I relate to others in the organization and life in the organization. Each of these categories will reveal scores that will signify high or low ability, consequently indicating where improvement is needed for better organizational results. Moreover, Dr.Fischer underscores that organizational behavior is predicated on individual behavior that’s affected by individual personality traits. Furthermore, the more we understand our personality type, the better we will be at understanding others. Likewise, grounded in my Christian worldview and framework we know that sin can also be found in our personality traits and it’s through the discovery of our fla wed selves, we can self- correct in our personal and corporate lives. Step 1 What About Me? After completing 20 assessments, I gained tremendous insight regarding my personality, values and attitudes, motivation, and decision making. The four most helpful assessments were Type A personality traits; Self-awareness; Job orientation; Career orientation, and call orientation; and lastly the creativity scale (Pearson Education, 2016). My personality, score 51, represents a healthy balanceShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Milhouse Mussolini Van Houten1743 Words   |  7 Pagesadminister the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Second Edition (MMPI-2) and the Behavior Assessment System for Children-Second Edition (BASC-2). Context and perception are very important concepts in deciding an assessment test s client appropriateness. Context is important because there may be more to a client s response on a test than what meets the eye, such as diversity issues, or explanations about the presenting problem that are not revealed by a test response. Perception, is importantRead MoreLeadership Assessment2437 Words   |  10 PagesWhat Is My Basic Personality? In the first assessment tool â€Å"What Is My Basic Personality?† the focus was on the five-factor model of personalities which are-extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experience. Based off this evaluation, my basic personality indicates that I am moderately extroverted because I scored a ten. My conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness to experience scores were high with a score of fifteen. My personality doesRead MoreThe Influence of Brand Loyalty on Cosmetics Buying Behavior of Uae Female Consumers6719 Words   |  27 PagesThe seven factors of brand loyalty are brand name, product quality, price, design, promotion, service quality and store environment. Questionnaires were distributed and self-administered to 382 respondents. Descriptive analysis, one-way ANOVA and Pearson Correlation were used in this study. The findings of this study indicated that brand name has shown strong correlation with brand loyalty. The research results showed that there is positive and significant relationship between factors of brand loyaltyRead MoreWhat I Have The Opportunity For Accumulate Experiences From A Multifaceted Of Earlier Experiences1804 Words   |  8 Pagesexperiences (i.e., sports, education, family, military, and church/work) in my life that has led to me becoming the leader I am today. I would have to say I am a product of life?s culture, it institutions, politics and economics. It has all shaped the type of leader I am and the contributions I?ve added to them and the individuals I came into contact with throughout my life. I realized as a leader that oftentimes had it not been for me taking it upon myself to make something happen in my life and or othersRead MoreReflection Of The Task Conducted By Me As A Group Member During Completion Of My Coursework3562 Words   |  15 PagesExecutive Summary This report is the reflection of the task conducted by me as a group member during completion of my coursework. The practical activities helped me to understand my stregth and weaknesses. The accomplishment of the tasks helped me to understand and identify strategies of self-development as well as motivate myself to become a better person in totality. Communication and social skill along with strategic management of situation are essential component of management but it is requiredRead MoreAn Experiential Marketing Case Study of Sony2334 Words   |  10 Pagesbrand in terms of experiential marketing concept. It contents true experience and observation of mine from an opening exhibition of Sony Corporation (see appendix 1) to be formed the primary sources of data. As an observer of the exhibition, I will use my own experience from it to combinative with experiential marketing concept theories to indicate the factors within Sony’s experiential marketing performance. This report will comprise a general idea of what experiential marketing is, and how it affectsRead MoreOrganizational Behaviour3984 Words   |  16 Pagesto serve some purpose, from which it follows that human activities in the entity are normally structured coordinated towards achieving some purpose or goals†.(Derek Rollinson, 2008 page 4). Now coming to organizational behaviour, it can be defined as â€Å"The Study of individual Groups in Organizations†. (Schermerhorn et al .2000, P3 cited in Derek Rollinson, organizational behaviour Analysis, 2008). As one of the other main issues to be discussed in this essay would be ‘The Role of management’Read MoreFactors Affecting Mathematics Performance of Laboratory High School Students at Laguna State Polytechnic University Academic Year 2009-20107649 Words   |  31 PagesPERFORMANCE OF LABORATORY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AT LAGUNA STATE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC YEAR 2009-2010 A Research Presented to the Faculty of the College of Education Laguna State Polytechnic University Siniloan (Host) Campus Siniloan, Laguna In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Secondary Education Major in Mathematics JENNILYN F. BALBALOSA 2010 LAGUNA STATE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY Siniloan Host Campus Siniloan, Laguna APPROVAL SHEET This Research entitledRead MoreDoctorate9485 Words   |  38 Pagesarchetypes in building relationships with consumers and transforming brands into icons. I began my research for this review with Clotaire Rapaille’s The Culture Code and his discussion of the cultural mindset. From there I began to research case studies, theories, and research about the role imprints and archetypes play in branding and actual examples of companies that have successful utilized archetypes. From my research I found the importance of aligning company with a single archetype from the productRead MoreHigh School Student Essay20272 Words   |  82 PagesTeaching: Becoming a Professional, Second Edition, by Donald Kauchak and Paul Eggen Published by Prentice-Hall/Merrill. Copyright  © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN: 0-536-29980-3 Introduction to Teaching: Becoming a Professional, Second Edition, by Donald Kauchak and Paul Eggen Published by Prentice-Hall/Merrill. Copyright  © 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Learner Diversity Differences in Today’s Students T eachers begin their careers expecting to find classrooms like the ones they

Thursday, May 14, 2020

How Much Gold Is in the Ocean

In 1872, British chemist Edward Sonstadt published a report declaring the existence of gold in seawater. Since then, Sonstadts discovery has inspired many, from well-intentioned scientists to con artists and swindlers, to find a way to extract it. Quantifying the Oceans Riches Numerous researchers have  sought to quantify the amount of gold in the ocean. The exact amount is difficult to pinpoint because gold exists in seawater  at very dilute concentrations (estimated to be on the order of parts per trillion, or one part gold per trillion parts water). A study published in Applied Geochemistry measured the concentration of gold in samples taken from the Pacific Ocean, and found that they were about 0.03 parts per trillion. Older studies reported a concentration of about 1 part per trillion for seawater, about 100 times more than other, more recent reports. Some of these discrepancies may be attributed to the presence of contamination in the samples collected as well as the limitations of technology, which in past studies may not have been sensitive enough to accurately detect the quantity of gold.   Calculating the Amount of Gold According to the National Ocean Service, there are about 333 million cubic miles of water in the ocean. One cubic mile is equivalent to 4.17 * 109 cubic meters. Using this conversion, we can determine that there are about 1.39 * 1018 cubic meters of ocean water. The density of water is 1000 kilograms per cubic meter, so there are 1.39 * 1021 kilograms of water in the ocean. If we assume that 1) the concentration of gold in the ocean is 1 part per trillion, 2) this concentration of gold holds for all ocean water, and 3) parts per trillion corresponds to mass, then we can calculate an approximate amount of gold in the ocean using the following method: One part per trillion corresponds to one trillionth of the whole, or 1/1012.Thus, to find out how much gold there is in the ocean, we must divide the amount of water in the ocean, 1.39 * 1021 kilograms as calculated above, by 1012.This calculation results in 1.39 * 109 kilograms of gold in the ocean.Using the conversion 1 kilogram 0.0011 tons, we reach the conclusion that there are  about 1.5 million tons of gold in the ocean (assuming a concentration of 1 part per trillion).If we apply the same calculation to the concentration of gold found in the more recent study,  0.03 parts per trillion, we reach the conclusion that there are 45 thousand tons of gold in the ocean. Measuring the Amount of Gold in Seawater Because gold is present in such low quantities and is included with many other components from the surrounding environment, samples taken from the ocean must be processed before they can be adequately analyzed. Preconcentration describes the process of concentrating the trace amounts of gold in a sample so that the resulting concentration lies in the optimal range for most analytical methods. Even with the most sensitive techniques, however, preconcentration may still yield more precise results. These methods include: Removing water through evaporation, or by freezing water and then sublimating the resulting ice. Removing water from seawater, however, leaves large quantities of salts like sodium and chlorine behind, which must be separated from the concentrate before further analysis.Solvent extraction, a technique in which multiple components in a sample are separated based on how soluble they are in different solvents, like water versus an organic solvent. For this, gold can be converted to a form that is more soluble in one of the solvents.Adsorption, a technique in which chemicals adhere to a surface like activated carbon. For this process, the surface can be chemically modified so that gold can selectively adhere to it.Precipitating the gold out of solution by reacting it with other compounds. This may require additional processing steps that remove other elements in the gold-containing solid. The gold can also be further separated from other elements or materials that may be present in the samples. Some methods for achieving separation are filtration and centrifugation. After the preconcentration and separation steps, the quantity of gold can be measured using techniques that are designed to measure very low concentrations, which include: Atomic absorption spectroscopy, which measures the amount of energy a sample absorbs at specific wavelengths. Each atom, including gold, absorbs energy at a very specific set of wavelengths. The measured energy can then be correlated to concentration by comparing the results to a known sample, or reference.Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, a technique in which atoms are first converted to ions, and then sorted depending on their mass. The signals corresponding to these different ions can be correlated to concentration by correlating them to a known reference. Key Takeaways Gold exists in seawater, but at very dilute concentrations – estimated, in more recent times, to be on the order of parts per trillion. Because this concentration is so low, it is difficult to pinpoint exactly how much gold is in the ocean.Even if there is an abundance of gold in the ocean, the cost to extract the gold from the sea would most likely outweigh the value of the gold collected.Researchers have measured these small concentrations of gold with techniques that are capable of measuring very low concentrations.Measurements often require that the gold be preconcentrated in some way and separated from other components in a seawater sample, to minimize the effects of sample contamination and allow for more precise measurements. References Falkner, K., and Edmond, J. â€Å"Gold in seawater.† 1990. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 98, pp. 208-221.Joyner, T., Healy, M., Chakravarti, D., and Koyanagi, T. â€Å"Preconcentration for trace analysis of seawaters.† 1967. Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 417-424.Koide, M., Hodge, V., Goldberg, E., and Bertine, K. â€Å"Gold in seawater: a conservative view.† Applied Geochemistry, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 237-241.McHugh, J. â€Å"Concentration of gold in natural waters.† Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 1988, vol. 30, no. 1-3, pp. 85-94.National Ocean Service. How much water is in the ocean?National Ocean Service. â€Å"Is there gold in the ocean?†Pyrzynska, K. â€Å"Recent developments in the determination of gold by atomic spectrometry techniques.† 2005. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 60, no. 9-10, pp. 1316-1322.Veronese, K. â€Å"Germany’s post-World War I scheme to extract gold from water.† Gizmodo.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bullying Is The Job Of Parents And Schools - 929 Words

Bullying is when you force someone to do something they do not want to, and it can cause stress or then leads to suicide in some cases. In â€Å" Schoolyard Bullies † by Stephanie Simon, prosecutor James Backstrom maintains school bullies should go to jail. However, I do not think bullies should go to jail, because there are different degrees of bullying. Some bullies are victims, and sending bullies to jail does not cure them. Stopping bullying is the job of parents and schools. Parents play a key role in preventing and responding to bullying. Parents should recognize the warning signs that the child is involved in bullying. Children could be being bullied, bullying others, or witnessing bullying. Although these signs could signal other issues, parents should talk to their children if they display any sort of behavioral or emotional changes. Many times children won’t ask for help, so it is important to know what to look for. If the child is at immediate risk of har ming himself or others, parents need to get help right away. Just sending the children who are bullies to go to jail, and doing jail time are not a good way to correct children’s behaviors. â€Å" I understand the rationale . . . , but incarceration is a fairly big stick, says Susan Limber, a bullying expert at Clemson University. You can get the same payoff with a lot less drastic measures (Simon 2). Moreover, if the children go to jail, they might not change their mind, even though their behavior will beShow MoreRelatedParent Prevention In Bullying Epidemic. â€Å"I Have An 18 Year1505 Words   |  7 PagesParent Prevention in Bullying Epidemic â€Å"I have an 18 year old daughter and 10 year old twin boys. We are a very close family and I am very involved in their school and life. The older our children get the more independent they become and the less they want their parents around. Nonetheless, I probe and talk and spend what time I can with them. Two weeks before Christmas one of my 10 year old twins came home from school, wrapped a cord around his neck and attempted to hang himself. His sisterRead MoreWhy Some Schools Don t Have Bullies Article Essay1329 Words   |  6 PagesThe why some schools don’t have bullies article focus on finding solutions to eradicate bullying. Bullying is repeated acts of unwanted aggression and abuse of power that take a wide variety of forms. Some of the forms of bullying are physical and verbal aggression which can be categorized as direct or indirect behavior. When direct physical bullying occurs, it will involve someone being attacked physically through punching, kicking and stomping, whereas when indirect physically bullying occurs, itRead MoreEducation And Its Importance Of Education1255 Words   |  6 Pagesproblem, bullying, and high dropout rates. These issues are often a big problem and can lead to an educatio n that does not do the United States justice. The first issue is the day one problem. This problem states the beginning of a child’s life is extremely important for a good education. (Strauss) For example, John has parents who have minimal education, never went to college, and are poor. Therefore, John has a definite disadvantage against other students, who have well-educated parents with a higherRead MoreThere Are Many Laws That Prevent The Use Of Domestic Abuse1711 Words   |  7 PagesThere are many laws that prevent the use of domestic abuse and bullying but still it is going on. With the wide spread of law placed to keep the numbers down on bullying have risen more and more each year. Many students feel like when they experience it or see it happen to another classmate they can’t speak up or it’s their turn. In high school, students who are bullying others can get expelled if caught. Many people believe that what they don’t see isn’t really hurting anyone. The federal governmentRead MoreB ullying And The School A Safer Place913 Words   |  4 Pagesto stop bullying, it says that to stop bullying people need to have a good education. Bullying is the act of aggressive and continuous behavior against a weaker person that leads to physical and/or mental injuries. Most of bullying cases occur during childhood and in school years; this makes a kid to be afraid of going to school and not seizing the opportunity of having a good education. To stop this serious problem schools must take action on an anti-bullying campaign and make the school a saferRead MoreBullying : Bullying And Bullying1387 Words   |  6 Pagesaverage bullying session lasts about 37 seconds; an adult intervenes in the problem about one in twenty-five times (Bullying Facts). Bullying is seen as aggressive and unwanted behavior between two or more people (Aspa).   Most people who are not involved in the actions going on do not really know it’s happening.   Most parents do not even know when the ir child, or children, are being bullied (Bullying Facts).   Bullying can be prevented if the right consequences take place.   Parents and schools have theRead MoreBullying: Teacher and Healthy Anti-bullying Habits Essay1004 Words   |  5 PagesBullying Bullying is a big issue in the world these days. It is our job as teachers to address this issue in our classroom and teach children that bullying is not ok. Antonio’s â€Å"looking glass self† is related to his answerability because he knows that he will be held accountable for the decisions. The role this has on his desire to change his behavior is because he realizes what he was doing is wrong. As a teacher I would plan an activity for the whole class to participate in to teach the effectsRead MoreThe Physical Appearance Of Victims Of Teen Bullying850 Words   |  4 PagesVictims Adolescents who are victims of bullying are usually shy, with low self-esteem, low self-confidence, little to no friends, lack proper social skills, less assertive, and often depressed (Merrell, Gueldner, Ross, Isava, 2008, p. 26). The physical appearance of victims of teen bullying can vary; some adolescents have a frail (skinny) figure, which makes it easier for teens of a larger size to dominate them. On the other hand, some victims can be overweight, which provokes bullies to verballyRead MoreThe Importance Of High School Experience1647 Words   |  7 PagesEveryone has had a general High School experience, or has been homeschooled, because it is the law. â€Å"The American high school, an institution with which most adults in the United States have at least a passing familiarity, has existed in largely the same form for the past 150 years, enduring continuing struggles to determine its form and function. Yet, despite such struggles, it goes about its primary duty of educating the young citizens of our nation.† (Erb). It is 4 years long, and starts from

Essay on Changing to Healthy Behavior - 2341 Words

Is it possible to help people to change to more healthy behaviour? Theories about changes in health behaviour tend to look at: †¢ Cognition: the way people define and think about what they do and how they change their minds in ways that can lead to changing the ways they act; and †¢ Context: the cultural, social, physical, emotional and psychological environments that shape people and the factors that can facilitate change. No one theory can sum up all the factors in health behaviour, but theories can be used to focus on particular aspects of behaviour and to choose the most appropriate programmes for cancer control. Behaviour: what people do ‘Behaviour’ is the general term covering all the physical acts performed by individuals.†¦show more content†¦Relationship between cognition and behaviour The clearest evidence that cognition leads to new behaviour is the development of skills through formal and informal education. Cognition such as beliefs and attitudes can be translated into action if a change is perceived to be possible, if there is no opposition to or difficulty in performing the action or if the cognition is a central component of the persons teleological system, such as religious beliefs. Cognition that is forged from past experience often influences behaviour. For example, a patient who has been successfully treated in the past is likely to return for care when a new illness appears. Cognitive theories of behaviour attempt to predict what people will do in certain circumstances. The challenge is in identifying which cognition is most salient and the degree to which it can predict change. Many people know that they should exercise and eat a healthy diet, and they form an intention: they decide that they will begin to exercise regularly and limit their intake of s weets and fats. If a large proportion of people with this intention do indeed perform these behavioural changes, intention is a good predictor. In many cases, however, behaviour can change thought patterns. In the case of exercise and diet, a person can desire to be healthy but stop working in this direction when he or she finds it difficult to make time to exercise and makes little progress inShow MoreRelatedShould We Eat A Healthy Meals?863 Words   |  4 Pagesallowance. By changing the amount of meat I eat is my targeted behavior and I will use it as a baseline to control my meat loving behavior. I chose to eat a healthy three meals a day including red wine. My goal is to eat a healthy balance meal three times day for the next six months. My typical protein requirements are for: Weight loss = .65 grams per pound of body weight. Maintain muscle = .65 gram per pound of body weight. Build muscle = 1 gram per pound of body weight. Changing this behavior is importantRead MoreThe Benefits of Reducing the Intake of Fast Food664 Words   |  3 Pagesthe behavior for the better. There are various benefits of reducing the intake of fast food, strategies and challenges of changing my behavior which will be analyzed. There are three benefits I will enjoy by reducing the fast food consumption. First, the change of the behavior will assist in improving my immunity. This is because of the fact that keeping a healthy and balanced diet is an essential aspect when it comes to strengthening the immunity. The second benefit of changing the behavior isRead MoreThe Bad Habit Of Drinking Soda943 Words   |  4 Pagesthe bad habit of drinking soda will be observed. Proper steps and procedures will be conducted in order to try to get rid of the target behavior. The target behavior was tracked in a log for a time period of seven days (see Appendix A). After tracking the behavior, goals were established and the proper steps were taken in order to try to get rid of the target behavior. We will also be looking at how drinking soda effects each dimension of wellness and how that can impact physical and emotional healthRead MoreWhat Are The Solid Relationship?1638 Words   |  7 Pagesfreedom on searching their o wn partners and committing relationships. However, most of the relationships built based on such freedom turn out to have low quality and temporary. It is because that when people establish superficial relationship and keep changing their partners, it hurt their partners and cause them to lose faith in their future relationships. The lack of security and trust make them doubt about their future relationships and eventually generate another superficial relationship. While LeslieRead MoreEcological Models And Health Behavior Change Essay1665 Words   |  7 PagesEcological Models And Health Behavior Change On individual level changes in health promotion and ecological approaches target and influence multiple health behaviors. This is because the individuals living in the environment are embedded in temporary change of behaviors. Therefore it is very important to consider ecological approaches, changing health behaviors and environmental factors while designing operational and supportable health promotion plans. Healthcare promotion is primarily based uponRead MorePhysical Health And Its Effects On The Health Of The Environment1448 Words   |  6 Pagessense of meaning and purpose in your life. Environmental health allows people to understand the health of the environment around them. The Transtheoretical Model includes many complicated stages of the process of changing a behavior.The Precontemplation stage consists of no intention of changing whether failing to change before or being unaware of any problem. Contemplation stage is the first stage where people recognize the presence of a problem and the need for change. Preparation stage is where peopleRead MoreThe Theory Of Behavioral Change1686 Words   |  7 PagesTranstheoretical Model, Integrates processes and principles of change from across major intervention theories. It was originally developed to look at the process of extinguishing behaviors (like smoking). Now also used to look at acquisition of behavior. It is based on idea of stopping or changing a behavior (health risk). In general it is step by step process of implementing behavioral change in a person. It is really hard for diabetic patients to maintain control of the diabetes, they have theRead MoreFood Choices Of College Life And Time Affect Eat ing Habits1188 Words   |  5 Pages The main concepts of my research question have to do with what causes people to eat healthily or unhealthily. The point is to try to understand what influences people’s eating habits, primarily how social class and time influence eating habits. Healthy food is often much more expensive than unhealthy alternatives. Social inequality affects many different aspects of people’s lives. I am trying to figure out to what extent social inequality and time affect the eating habits of college students. Read MoreObesity : Obesity And Fitness1420 Words   |  6 Pagesgiven was not enough to eat even if they brought their own lunch. Some even expressed that having multiple jobs and responsibilities caused them stress that they relay on high calorie food, like candy and soda. Employees do not have very many healthy food choices at their workplace. In this struggling economy, employers have to resort to lower end resources, instead of providing cafeterias with healthier options they have to opt for the vending machines with greasy chips, mini donuts, and chocolateRead MoreHow Mobile Technology Can Be Integrated With The Army Surgeon General s Performance Triad1437 Words   |  6 Pagesis being conducted: Mobile technology has become ubiquitous making it the ideal platform to promote healthy lifestyles. The Performance Triad is a comprehensive plan that focuses on promoting better sleep, activity, and nutrition habits. The Performance Triad addresses the lifestyle choices made in the Lifespace, the time that is not spent with a healthcare provider. The Lifespace is where healthy habits can be maintained or improved and where people need information, education, and support. The

Managing Cases of Child Abuse in Singapore

Question: Discuss about theManaging Cases of Child Abuse in Singapore. Answer: Introduction Child abuse is defined as any act on the part of the guardian or parents that causes any grievous harm or injury and sometimes even lead to the death of a child. Child maltreatment is of various types, which includes abuses of different kinds such as, physical, verbal, emotional, sexual and even neglect (Lim et al.,2015). Exploitation of children or child abuse happens across all social, cultural and economic groups and it is the duty of the government and society to play a role in ensuring the protection of children by staying alert and taking initiatives in reporting cases of child abuse to police or to the Child Protection Service. This essay examines the detection and management procedures of child abuse cases in Singapore and evaluates the effectiveness of present Singaporean law, and whether further amendments are required in order to tackle the issue of child abuse in a more efficient manner. Child abuse is often described as a harmful but preventable disease causing mortality and morbidity in children, who can otherwise lead a healthy life ahead of them. They deserve a childhood free from any kind of abuse and negligence. According to some clinicians, in most cases it is perceived that the parents of the abused children have also been a victim of negligence and abuse in their childhood. In such cases, in their adulthood, the parents often resort to alcohol and drug abuse, psychiatric disturbance and criminal behaviour (Guan et al.,2016). In addition to this, another main reason for abusive behaviour in parents is often linked to poverty or financial constraints. The leading agency against child abuse in Singapore is the Child Protection Service (CPS) of the Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF), which was found in November 2012, along with the reformation of the previous Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports (Sharma Mistry, 2015). According to Children and Young Persons Act (CYPA), it is the responsibility of MSF to protect children from abuse and neglect ("Safeguards for better detection and management of child abuse cases | Ministry of Social and Family Development" 2017). On the other hand, under CYPA, parent or guardian found guilty of maltreatment of a child or young adult is subjected to prosecution (Chong et al.,2013). The top three sources that reports the maximum number of child abuse cases to CPS are the agencies involved in the network that is, the health care services, schools and police. However there are certain instances when a case child abuse goes unsuspected and in such a scenario the society needs to be more alert in its investigation. For example, if a child shows signs of constant poor health, tiredness and unattended medical needs, then he or she might be a victim of neglect. At the same time, the interaction between a child and his parents also acts as a significant indictor of child abuse. For example, children suffering from any kind of abuse often shows signs of aggression or withdrawal when they come in contact with their parents. Children suffering from emotionl or psychological abuse show signs of restricted growth and development, depression as well as sleeping and eating problems. According to Tan Chuan-Jin, Minister for Social and Family Development, a recent surge in the high profile cases of child abuse has led to the close examination and improvisation of the prevailing laws in order to restrict the increase of family violence and also to ensure an appropriate punishment for those found guilty. In a case reported recently, a couple was jailed for torturing their two-month-old son, Mohamad Daniel Mohamad Nasser, which eventually led to his death. The mother has been sentenced to eleven years of imprisonment, whereas her boyfriend was given 12 strokes of the cane and a 10-year jail term, for causing grievous injuries to the child (TAN 2017). Later on , the Law and Home Affairs Minister, K.Shanmugam, commented, that the prevailing system of law should be taken into account to make sure whether they are adequate enough to tackle such cases of child abuse and also the public should be encouraged to report immediately when they are aware of incidents of child ab use (TAN 2017). However, improvement in detection and reporting of abuse cases among children by numerous organizations, such as hospital and schools, has allowed the CPS to investigate more cases of child abuse. 2,022 cases of child abuse have been reported to CPS in the last year, of which 551 cases were investigated, which were instances of serious abuse (Li et al.,2014). According to CPS Director, Carmelia Nathen, there has been a 40 per cent increase in the rate of child abuse, compared to the period between 2012 and 2014 (TAN 2017).Most of the incidents reported were cases of sexual abuse inflicted by a family member. CPS refers cases of moderate and lower intensity to charities, since they are entitled as specialist centres for child protection, and are thus capable enough to deal with these cases. However, in cases of serious child abuse, CPS takes the matter in hand and has the power to keep the child away from the parents, until they become sure of the behavioral changes in parents. CPS ha s enhanced its screening tools and processes, and training is being provided to professionals involved in the child protection system, in order to improve their procedures and methods in dealing with abuse cases. CPS also takes into account cases handled by professionals not belonging to the ministry in order to ascertain the safety of those children. According to child protection officer, Firdawati Masri, in most cases the abuser is the parent of the child and belongs to different income and ethnic groups. In certain cases, mental distortions and intoxicative addiction also prevails within the parents ("Playing a part in stopping child abuse" 2017). In one such case, CPS has given the responsibility of a six-year-old girl to a family friend, who was physically abused by her alcoholic father whereas her mother stayed with her boyfriend and was least concerned about her daughter. Whereas in another case, a girl who was kept in the storehouse by her parents, was eventually rescued by CPS, who placed the girl under the temporary care of caregivers until her parents changed their methods of parenting, and now the girl has been reunited with her parents and their relationship has improved ("Playing a part in stopping child abuse" 2017). Dr. Chan Poh Chong, head consultant of the division of general ambulatory paediatrics and adolescent medicine at NUH, has handled many cases of child abuse for over 20 years. In one such instance, Dr.Chan alerted the medical social workers when he suspected something wrong while examining a boy with serious injuries. The case was referred to CPS, who after thorough investigation gave the childs responsibility to other family members. These incidents prove the efficiency of the CPS to handle cases of child abuse in an orderly manner. There are three types of abuse cases, low, moderate and high. Low risk cases mostly involve parents suffering from temporary stressful period due to financial constraint or job change. Moderate risk cases involves rare or one time abuse that may lead to serious injuries. Whereas, high-risk cases refers to long period of abuses and the parents does not suffer from a sense of guilt. When reported CPS handles the moderate to high-risk cases at the earliest, however for urgent and immediate support specialist child protection center Heart@Feiyue has also opened its emergency line to the people. Thus it can be concluded that the cases of child abuse can be controlled not only by the initiatives of the government but also through the active involvement of society as a whole. Public should be made aware of the dangers of child abuse and such incidents must immediately be reported to the concerned organisations for immediate intervention. References: Chong, W. H., Lee, B. O., Tan, S. Y., Wong, S. S., Yeo, L. S. (2013). School psychology and school-based child and family interventions in Singapore. School Psychology International, 34(2), 177-189. Guan, L. C., How, O. S., Hon, C. C., Sheng, F. D. S. (2016). Child and adolescent psychiatry services in Singapore. Li, D., Chu, C. M., Ng, W. C., Leong, W. (2014). Predictors of re-entry into the child protection system in Singapore: A cumulative ecologicaltransactional risk model. Child abuse neglect, 38(11), 1801-1812. Lim, C. G., Ong, S. H., Chin, C. H., Fung, D. S. S. (2015). Child and adolescent psychiatry services in Singapore. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 9(1), 7. Playing a part in stopping child abuse. (2017). AsiaOne. Retrieved 20 February 2017, from Safeguards for better detection and management of child abuse cases | Ministry of Social and Family Development. (2017). Retrieved 20 February 2017, from Sharma, R., Mistry, P. (2015). G454 (P) Retrospective survey of child protection case characteristics in an acute and community setting. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 100(Suppl 3), A189-A190. TAN, T. (2017). More child abuse cases being investigated. The Straits Times. Retrieved 20 February 2017, from

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Perception A Psychology Paper Essay Example For Students

Perception: A Psychology Paper Essay There is no second chance for a first impression. Perception has never been random, since the beginning of time it has been human nature to judge others before really getting a chance to know them. People immediately cast others into stereotypes in every situation: they form a schema, or an organized set of thoughts about something containing properties and uses. These schemas effect the way people carry themselves around others. Schemas are usually formed with in eight seconds of getting the initial impression of a person. This by psychologists is know as the ?eight-second rule,? where people have been proven to form hypothesizes about others with in eight seconds of meeting or seeing an individual for the first time. Human nature has never been stated more accurately than in one little phrase, yet I have never fully understood the clich? until just recently. As I sat here in the computer lab last week I noticed how I judge those around me. Although she speaks nothing, I have alread y put together an assumption about ?the girl sitting to my left:? her personality, work habits and attitude through a semantic analogy, or forming a link between physical appearance and personality. Wearing gray pajama pants and a comfortable fleece sweatshirt while holding a dark cloth blanket, I have understood in my mind that she likes to be cozy and secure. She seems to be a girl with a very soft nice voice, even though I have never heard her talk. As ?the girl sitting to my left? uses earphones while at the computer, I put together that she probably is very considerate of others. These assumptions could, for all I know is false and inaccurate, but as a human being I realize my judgments on others. I came to this realization also while studying the guy behind me. Just as my other subject, ?the guy behind me? seems to be very ?uncool? to say the least. His oversized plaid jacket, tight laced large sneakers, and tight jeans combining with his out of control curly hair and spectacles allow myself to automatically place ?the guy behind me? in a stereotype of nerds. The way he crosses his legs also leads me to believe he is one of those that probably enjoy computers and Dungeons Dragons, yet for all I know this guy could be the best basketball player at Catawba. By his appearance I have already made assumptions about his lifestyle, or formed something referred to as Functional Association. After realizing the extent of judgement I cast on others, I began to contemplate if others would place me in certain stereotypes if I didn?t appear as I do; so, I decided to form my own experiment. I decided to make myself salient, or stand out, to better see my impressions on people. I began a three-day experiment where I would wear my not-so attractive glasses, a hooded sweatshirt, and Velcro shoes from Wal-Mart to dress like one would call a ?bum.? Of my many experiences of the weekend, three stood out from all the rest: my attendance at the soccer game, my trip to the Bar Charlotte nightclub, and being introduced to new friends. No girl in their right mind would dance with a guy with big ugly glasses. For we all know they have already formed something called an illusory correlation, or a memory of a negative or distasteful person or instance. Here I began to look at not only girls, but also guy?s faces to see what sort of an effect my appearance had on the way they viewed me. Sure enough I was getting looks of disgust from some, while faces of amusement from others; here I began to realize the brutality of human nature. First impressions are everything in today?s world. When dressed like a nerd with a straight-billed, over-sized ball cap, a greasy hooded sweatshirt tucked in urkel-style pulled up pants, I cast an impression to many spectators at this past weekend?s soccer match. Many parents looked as though I was repulsive, some thought I was joking, while others thought that it was my real lifestyle. Before I knew it I felt eyes from all directions casting judgements upon me. I began to smile comprehending a little more about perception of others, but I learned even more when my friend Katie introduced me to new acquaintances. When meeting attractive girls, most guys tend to attempt to look their very best. With my normal testing outfit I gained my uneasy looks from Katie?s friends and soon they had formed opinions of me?one of which was their romantic disinterest in me. They began to better accept me, though as I conversed with them more, yet never anything more than acceptance. Later that night, I decided to put my contacts in for the first time in three days and I soon realized the effect of appearance. For the first time, the girls were attracted to me because of my appearance and to them I replied to their stares with ?I?m not as ugly as you first thought, huh With these experiences I began to see first hand how people judge others and place people into schemas. After these encounters, I thought back to when I first arrived here at Catawba College, and the many assumptions I mad e of people that, in fact, turned out to be false. .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 , .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .postImageUrl , .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 , .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175:hover , .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175:visited , .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175:active { border:0!important; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175:active , .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175 .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8ef1b324f6bfa15429c526c551e90175:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: American Born Chinese EssayTo the naked eye, my friend Larry seems to be a weird homosexual male into drama and musical theatre, but after one early morning session at the computer lab I began to realize that Larry is a funny and enjoyable fellow. Here I passed judgement on others before getting to know them, much like my first impression of my good friend Heath. Heath seemed to be a dumb male with his Beavis and Butthead type laugh and his testostoronic voice. I began to know, though, that Heath is not only a smart individual, with his sat score of 1480, but also a talented singer and lacrosse player where I first thought of him as clumsy and stupid. Stupidity is a common label people tend to place others. Stephen, a recent friend of mine, appeared by his diction, attitude, and demeanor to be a person not of high intelligence or extensive vocabulary at all. As I came to find out, Stephen was very smart, earning a high school GPA of 3.8, and having intentions of a political science pre-law major. Furthermore, you justly cannot judge a book by its cover. Throughout not only my experiments, but also my experiences I have grasped a great comprehension of how people form quick assumptions about others. Through my first-hand experiments and acquaintances I have seen human nature, and in the course of my observations I learned that we all, even myself, are victims of this judgmental view of others. Impressions, formed by all people, truly affect your interactions in everyday life. Psychology